Although Escherichia coli (E. coli) commonly colonizes the human digestive tract and most of its infections are benign, some strains of the bacteria can be quite dangerous. A major subgroup of E. coli, called “extraintestinal pathogenic E.
Robert Abbe (1851-1928), a New York surgeon and Fellow of The College of Physicians of Philadelphia, was an avid collector of medical and archeological objects. Here at the College’s Historical Medical Library, we hold a number of Abbe’s items, including mementos from his friendship with Marie Curie.
The first vaccine to prevent pneumococcal disease in children was added to the U.S. immunization schedule in 2001. Before that, Streptococcus pneumonia bacteria caused about 17,000 cases of bacteremia (blood infections), 700 cases of meningitis, and 71,000 cases of bacterial pneumonia each year. The bacteria can also cause middle ear infections (otitis media).
A major difficulty with large vaccination campaigns is storage and transport of vaccine material.